HIV/AIDS

HIV Treatment in Hyderabad:

Overview:

HIV is an acronym for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is a virus that attacks and deteriorates the immune system. This virus will reproduce by taking over the machinery of the human cell, but not by itself. HIV belongs to the Lentivirus subgroup of the Retroviridae family and is an RNA (ribonucleic Acid) virus responsible for weakening the human immune system. HIV was discovered by Luc Montagnier in 1983 in Paris and Robert Gallo in the USA in 1984. AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) is caused if HIV is not treated. The development of AIDS can take more than 8 to 10 years after the infection. It touches people of any age and sex. HIV infection is now manageable through proper medication.

Stages of HIV:

Acute HIV Infection:

Acute HIV infection is an illness which occurs in an individual in the very early stage of the virus, usually within 2 to 6 weeks. The infected person may have flu-like symptoms in this stage for a couple of days. This stage can also be called a window period because of the presence of high virus levels in the blood without the corresponding antibodies. In this period, the virus transmits from the infected person.

HIV-positive asymptomatic period

In this stage, the person is tested positive for HIV antibodies but does not show any symptoms. Generally, this stage lasts for around 3 to 5 years.

HIV-positive symptomatic period

In this stage, the infected person shows symptoms. This stage lasts for 2 to 3 years while dropping a resistant system.

AIDS stage

In this stage, the disease-fighting capacity is significantly decreased, and secondary infections arise. This stage usually occurs 5 to 10 years after the entry of the virus.

Symptoms of HIV:

Early symptoms

Flu-like symptoms
Fever
Aches
Sore throats

Later Symptoms

Recurring Fever
Swollen lymph glands
Weakness
Weight loss

Transmission of HIV:

It is transmitted through:

Sexual mode of transmission

It is the most common root of the spread of infection. The risk of acquiring the disease is more in persons having unprotected sex.

Blood Transfusion

The virus will be spread by transfusion of the infected blood.

Mother to infant

Mothers who are HIV positive can transmit the infection to the babies during pregnancy, delivery or breastfeeding.

HIV contaminated Instruments

The virus will be transmitted using HIV-contaminated syringes, needles, and surgical or dental instruments.

HIV does not transmit through:

Sharing food
Casual contact
Saliva
Touching
Mosquito bite

Diagnosis and treatment:

Diagnosis is made in the usual manner by doing a blood test. At this time, there is no remedy for HIV/AIDS. Once a person is disease-ridden, he cannot get rid of HIV. However, many medications are there to control and prevent complications of HIV. Dr Ravi Kiran is the best doctor for treating HIV in Hyderabad, with many years of experience.